About Batten Disease
Batten disease, also referred to as neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, or NCLs, is a group of rare, inherited diseases of the nervous system. There are different subtypes of Batten disease caused by dysfunction in one of 13 different genes. Batten disease subtypes share many common features but differ in terms of age of onset and rate of progression. Batten disease has an estimated incidence of 2 to 4 out of every 100,000.
Neurogene’s lead Batten disease program is a gene therapy for the treatment of CLN5 Batten disease, a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease which primarily manifests during early childhood, and results in early mortality. CLN5 is caused by a mutation in the CLN5 gene that leads to loss of normal CLN5 protein function, including various aspects of lysosomal function, lipid metabolism, and neuronal viability.
Children with CLN5 typically experience developmental delay followed by a steep period of regression of previously acquired skills, including loss of gross and fine motor skills, loss of speech, loss of vision, development of recurrent seizures, and a progressive deterioration in intellectual function and cognition. Ultimately, the disorder leads to a significantly reduced quality of life for both the patient and family.
Currently, there are no approved disease modifying therapies available, and treatment for CLN5 Batten disease includes symptom management and supportive care. Neurogene’s CLN5 program is currently in the early clinical trial stage.